How to crochet: tips for beginners and step by step

Crochet was once seen as something only grandmas did. Today it is considered handicraft and many people want to learn the most diverse stitches to make crochet rugs and various craft items using the material.

The coolest thing about all is that crochet is both distracting and stress-relieving, which can be great for those who need to find an activity to unwind for a while.

Not to mention that there are several points that can be practiced, working not only with the hands but also encouraging the head to learn more about the technique. This explains why crochet can be recommended for people who are stressed or suffer from anxiety.

If you want to learn how to crochet, but have no idea where to start, check out these tips that will explain everything from the needle types to the stitches used in this craft technique:

Types of Needles and Threads

Crochet needles

There are several types of needles and threads. And yes, the choice of one is directly related to the other. Depending on the thickness of the thread, you will need a thicker needle, for thinner threads you can invest in thinner needles.

Crochet hooks can be made of wood, plastic, steel, aluminum, colored aluminum and even with a rubber handle. The choice of the style of the needle depends on the person and is up to you.

Sizes range from 0.5mm to 10mm and the choice of needle size will depend on the type of craft you intend to do. Some pieces call for thicker lines or more open stitches while others call for thinner lines.

For those starting out, it is interesting to bet on thinner lines, as they are easier to work with. So, choose your thread and check on the packaging which needle size is the most suitable.

A nice tip for those who are still not sure when making the stitches is to work with a slightly thicker thread and a slightly thinner needle. This will make you tighter stitches.

Point types and their abbreviations


Crochet can be done with several stitches, but every project always starts with the simplest of them, which is the chain.

Now learn a little more about each type of simple stitch used in this manual work, remembering that, if you are just starting out in this art, the ideal is to learn the basics well and then get to know the more complex ones:

  1. Chain – chain

They’re used in just about every crochet job – it’s how you start what you want to do – and they’re pretty easy to do.

Anyone who is learning can start with just chain stitches, until they manage to leave them neither too tight nor too loose.

To do this you must start with a movable knot at the tip of the needle. Then thread the needle and pull through the knot. Keep repeating the step until you have a “chain” in your hand. What justifies the point name.

At this point, also learn to count the amount of points you want to have in your work. For a test, start by making 10 chain stitches.

  1. Very low point – Pbx

It is used to finish pieces or to reinforce edges. Much like the chain stitch, except you have to put the needle in a chain and then loop it.

Pull this loop through the two little chains, the one you put the needle on and the one that was on the needle earlier.

It would be a way to connect two pieces made in chain stitch. When making a second row of “chains”, the piece then has the lowest point.

  1. Low Point – Pb

It is ideal for pieces that need to be firmer, such as crochet rugs. To do this, just wind the thread inside the stitch that is on the base and not just the stitch that is on the needle.

First make two chains and then place the needle inside the second box. Wrap the thread around the needle and pull it through the box. Loop the needle again and thread through the other two buttonholes, leaving only one stitch on the needle.

  1. High point – Pa

Indicated for pieces with a softer fabric. It’s a more open point in relation to the low point.

To do this you must wrap the thread around the needle, count three stitches, make a loop, put the needle in the fourth stitch, pull the thread. You will have three stitches on the needle.

Take off the first two, loop and pull on the last two.

These are the basic stitches, best suited for those who are just learning to crochet. But there are also other stitches that require a little more technique like the candle stitch, the secret stitch, the love stitch, the honeycomb stitch, the x stitch and the zigzag stitch.

What will you need to crochet

Crochet materials

The needle and thread are the least you’ll need to crochet. But you should also keep other materials nearby, such as:

Scissors, to cut the thread.

Tape measure to measure the part and size of the starting chain.

Tips for beginners


Learn now the main essential tips for beginners in crochet:

Before making the piece you want, work on a test piece, so that you will get used to the chosen point.

Prefer slightly larger needles at the beginning, such as 2.5mm and thinner threads. So you can learn well how to make each point.

If you have a lot of difficulty with crochet yarn, you can try it out and get practice with a medium needle and knitting thread.

Practice the chain stitch a lot before moving on to the other basic stitches.

When you feel that you have more practice, practice the low crochet and the high crochet.

Prefer single-color lines while learning, as they are easier to work with.

In addition to the abbreviations for points, it is interesting to know others such as: sp, which means space; why does it mean point; rep, which means repeat; last, last; and mon, next.